Original Language Tools

Why Study Biblical Greek, Hebrew Aramaic?

Think about it, the Bible was written by more than a dozen authors in three different languages. These are the only languages that God chose to communicate His inspired word. There are no translations of the Bible able to claim to be God inspired

Understanding the grammer of the text goes along way toward proper biblical exegesis of scripture. A text cannot mean what is not supported by the grammer. Certain passages have multiple possible meanings. Without footnotes we are unable to determine why the translator chose one over another. So learning and understand Biblical languages is crucial.

So what is a lexicon and how does it differ from a dictionary? A lexicon in linguistics is the entire inventory or set of a language's lexemes. A lexeme is the smallest unit of a language that bears some meaning. One lexeme can cover a number of words.

A Biblical lexicon provides meanings, semantic ranges and significant uses of Biblical words in their original language. Lexicons are particularly helpful in word studies.

The Greek Lexicon on StudyLight.org is based on the Strong's numbering system, an index of every word in the original biblical manuscript texts. Each number links the root meaning back to the original meanings in the original manuscripts.

Greek Lexicon

The language of the New Testament were both Aramaic and Koine Greek. Koine Greek was an "everyday language" used by people in the Hellenistic period, the Roman Empire, and the early Byzantine Empire. It was more popular in Rome than Latin. StudyLight.org provided a very robust Greek lexicon linked to the original manuscripts for indepth word studies.

Choose a letter to browse:
α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν ξ ο π ρ σ τ υ φ χ ψ ω

Hebrew Lexicon

The Old Testament was written 2,500 to 3,500 years ago by a people whose culture and lifestyle were very different from our own. When we read the Word of God as a modern day Christian, our culture and lifestyle often influence our interpretation of the words and phrases. Many times these influence were not intended by the original author. StudyLight.org provided a very robust Hebrew lexicon linked to the original manuscripts for indepth word studies.

Choose a letter to browse:
א ב ג ד ה ו ז ח ט י כ ל מ נ ס ע פ צ ק ר ש ת