Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #7503 - רָפָה

Transliteration
râphâh
Phonetics
raw-faw'  
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
2198
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to sink, relax, sink down, let drop, be disheartened

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to sink down

1a2) to sink, drop

1a3) to sink, relax, abate

1a4) to relax, withdraw

1b) (Niphal) idle (participle)

1c) (Piel) to let drop

1d) (Hiphil)

1d1) to let drop, abandon, relax, refrain, forsake

1d2) to let go

1d3) to refrain, let alone

1d4) to be quiet

1e) (Hithpael) to show oneself slack

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 565 ‑ ἀπέρχομαι (ap‑erkh'‑om‑ahee);  770 ‑ ἀσθενέω (as‑then‑eh'‑o);  2827 ‑ κλίνω (klee'‑no);  3886 ‑ παραλύω (par‑al‑oo'‑o);  863 ‑ ἀφίημι (af‑ee'‑ay‑mee);  1439 ‑ ἐάω (eh‑ah'‑o);  1459 ‑ ἐγκαταλείπω (eng‑kat‑al‑i'‑po);  3973 ‑ παύω (pow'‑o);  4980 ‑ σχολάζω (skhol‑ad'‑zo);  2664 ‑ καταπαύω (kat‑ap‑ow'‑o);  3935 ‑ παρίημι (par‑ee'‑ay‑mi);  447 ‑ ἀνίημι (an‑ee'‑ay‑mee);  1590 ‑ ἐκλύω (ek‑loo'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (46)
Exodus
4
Deuteronomy
4
Joshua
3
Judges
3
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
2
2 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
2
2 Chronicles
1
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
3
Psalms
3
Proverbs
3
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
4
Ezekiel
4
Zephaniah
1
NAS (54)
Exodus
5
Deuteronomy
4
Joshua
3
Judges
3
1 Samuel
3
2 Samuel
2
2 Kings
2
1 Chronicles
2
Nehemiah
1
Job
5
Psalms
3
Proverbs
4
Song of Solomon
2
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
5
Ezekiel
5
Zephaniah
2
HCS (45)
Exodus
4
Deuteronomy
4
Joshua
3
Judges
2
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
2
2 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
2
2 Chronicles
1
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
3
Psalms
3
Proverbs
3
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
4
Ezekiel
4
Zephaniah
1
BSB (46)
Exodus
4
Deuteronomy
4
Joshua
3
Judges
3
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
2
2 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
2
2 Chronicles
1
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
3
Psalms
3
Proverbs
3
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
4
Ezekiel
4
Zephaniah
1
ESV (39)
Deuteronomy
4
Joshua
3
Judges
3
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
2
2 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
2
2 Chronicles
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
3
Psalms
3
Proverbs
2
Isaiah
2
Jeremiah
4
Ezekiel
4
Zephaniah
1
WEB (48)
Exodus
5
Deuteronomy
4
Joshua
3
Judges
3
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
2
2 Kings
1
1 Chronicles
2
2 Chronicles
1
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
3
Psalms
3
Proverbs
3
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
4
Ezekiel
4
Zephaniah
1
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1454) pr (רפ RP) AC: Heal CO: Medicine AB: Sick: The pictograph r is a picture of the head of a man, the p is a picture of an open mouth. Combined these mean "man open". Wounds, sickness and illnesses are cured with medicines made from plant materials which were pulverized into a medicinal power.

A) pr (רפ RP) AC: Heal CO: Idol AB: ?

im ) prt (תרפ TRP) - Idol: A household idol of a god, possible believed to have a healing power. KJV (15): image, teraphim, idol, idolatry - Strongs: H8655 (תְּרָפִים)

E) apr (רפא RPA) AC: Heal CO: Medicine AB: ?

V) apr (רפא RPA) - Heal: [df: hpr] KJV (67): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Piel) heal, physician, cure, repair - Strongs: H7495 (רָפָה)

Nm ) apr (רפא RPA) - Dead: KJV (8): dead, deceased - Strongs: H7496 (רְפָאִים)

am) aprm (מרפא MRPA) - Health: KJV (16): healing, cure, healing, sound, wholesome, yielding - Strongs: H4832 (מַרְפֵּא)

df1) eafpr (רפואה RPWAH) - Medicine: KJV (3): medicine - Strongs: H7499 (רְפוּאָה)

ef3) tfapir (ריפאות RYPAWT) - Health: KJV (1): health - Strongs: H7500 (רִפְאוּת)

H) epr (רפה RPH) AC: Weak CO: ? AB: ?: One weakened by illness or disease.

V) epr (רפה RPH) - Weak: To be weak from sickness, laziness or work. KJV (46): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel, Participle) feeble, fail, weaken, go, alone, idle, stay, slack, faint, forsake, abate, cease - Strongs: H7503 (רָפָה)

Nm) epr (רפה RPH) - Weak: KJV (4): weak - Strongs: H7504 (רָפֶה)

J) pfr (רופ RWP) AC: Pulverize CO: Medicine AB: ?

V) pfr (רופ RWP) - Pulverize: KJV (1): (vf: Piel) tremble - Strongs: H7322 (רוּף)

if1) epfrt (תרופה TRWPH) - Medicine: KJV (1): medicine - Strongs: H8644 (תְּרוּפָה)

M) pir (ריפ RYP) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Sick

Nf1 ) epir (ריפה RYPH) - Wheat: A grain pulverized with a mortar and pestle for making a flour. KJV (2): wheat, corn - Strongs: H7383 (רִפָה)

fjm) nfipir (ריפיונ RYPYWN) - Feeble: KJV (1): feeblenss - Strongs: H7510 (רִפָּיוֹן)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

רָפָה fut. apoc. יִדֶף

(1) pr. to cast, to throw, i.q. רָמָה, ῥίπτω, whence pr.n. רָפָה (casting forth, throwing down), specially

(2) to cast down, to let fall, especially the hand, die Hand fallen laffen, see Piel, Hiphil. In Kal intrans. to decline as the day, i.e. to draw to a close, Judges 19:9 used of hay in the fire, i.e. to sink down, Isai. 5:24 followed by מִן to relax, to desist from any person or thing, Exodus 4:26; Judges 8:3; Nehemiah 6:9.

(3) to be let down, especially of the hand, 2 Chronicles 15:7, אַל־יִרְפּוּ יְדֵיכֶם “let not your hands hang down,” i.e. be not lazy in the work. Relaxed hands are very often ascribed to those who have lost their courage. 2 Samuel 4:1, וַיִּרְפּוּ יָדָיו “and his hands were let down,” his courage was gone, Isaiah 13:7; Jeremiah 6:24, 50:43 Ezekiel 7:17, 21:12 Zephaniah 3:16. Used also of a person himself, Jeremiah 49:24, רָֽפְתָה דַמֶּשֶׂק “Damascus (i.e. its inhabitants) has become fainthearted.”

Niphal, to be slack, remiss, idle, Exodus 5:8, 17.

Piel, to let down, e.g. wings, Ezekiel 1:24, 25 Ezekiel 1:25 a girdle (i.e. to loosen), Job 12:21. Specially to let down any one’s hands, i.q. to destroy his courage (compare Kal No. 2), Jeremiah 38:4; Ezra 4:4.

Hiphil, הִרְפָּה, imp. and fut. apoc. הֶרֶף and יֶרֶף

(1) to let down the hand. 2 Samuel 24:16, הֶרֶף יָדֶ֑ךָ “let down thy hand,” i.e. stop from inflicting plagues. Followed by מִן for, to desert, to forsake any one, Joshua 10:6. Without יָד, to let down (the hand), i.e. to desist, followed by מִן from any person or thing, Judges 11:37; Deuteronomy 9:14.

(2) to leave off any thing, e.g. a work begun, Nehemiah 6:3 instruction, Proverbs 4:13 any person, i.e. to desert him, i.q. עָזַב Nehemiah 6:3 Deuteron. 4:31 31:6, Deuteronomy 31:8; Joshua 1:5; Psalms 138:8. Absol. Psalms 46:11, “leave off (your own attempts) and know.” 1 Samuel 15:16.

(3) to let any one go (opp. to, to lay hold of, to detain); followed by an acc. Song of Solomon 3:4; Job 7:19, 27:6.

Hithpael, to shew oneself remiss

(a) to be lazy, Job 18:3; Proverbs 18:9.

(b) to lose one’s courage, Proverbs 24:10.

Derivatives, רָפֶה, רִפְוֹן.

II.

רָפָה stands not unfrequently for רָפָא to heal, (compare קָרָא No. II.=קָרָה). In this sense there occurs imp. רְפָה (for רְפָא) Psalms 60:4 fut. תִּרְפֶּינָה Job 5:18.

Niphal, נִרְפָּתָה Jeremiah 51:9 inf. הֵרָפֵה Jeremiah 19:11 fut. יֵרָפוּ. 2 Kings 2:22.

Piel, יְרַפּוּ Jeremiah 6:14.

רָפָה (“casting down,” “throwing down,” i.e. a hero, a champion, a giant) [Raphah], pr.n.

(1) of an ancient giant, whose descendants, who were also giants, were called יְלִידֵי הָרָפָה and רְפָאִים; see that word.

(2)  1 Chronicles 8:37 for which there is 1 Chronicles 9:43, רְפָיָה [Rephaiah], (“whom Jehovah healed”).

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
אַרְפְּךָ֖ אַרְפֶּ֑הָ אַרְפֶּ֔הָ אַרְפֶּ֔נּוּ ארפה ארפך ארפנו הִ֭תְרַפִּיתָ הֶ֚רֶף הֶ֣רֶף הֶ֤רֶף הַרְפֵּ֨ה הַרְפֵּֽה־ הַרְפּ֣וּ הרף הרפה הרפה־ הרפו התרפית וְרָפ֣וּ וְרָפ֨וּ וַיִּ֖רֶף וַיִּרְפּ֖וּ וירף וירפו ורפו יִרְפֶּ֔ה יִרְפּ֖וּ יִרְפּ֥וּ יִרְפּ֧וּ יַרְפְּךָ֖ יַרְפְּךָ֙ ירפה ירפו ירפך מְרַפִּ֖ים מְרַפֵּ֡א מִתְרַפִּ֔ים מִתְרַפֶּ֣ה מרפא מרפים מתרפה מתרפים נִרְפִּ֑ים נִרְפִּ֣ים נִרְפִּ֥ים נרפים רִפָּֽה׃ רָפ֣וּ רָפְתָ֤ה רָפְתָ֥ה רָפָ֨ה רפה רפה׃ רפו רפתה תְּרַפֶּ֥ינָה תִּרְפֶּ֑ינָה תֶּ֑רֶף תֶּ֥רֶף תֶּֽרֶף׃ תַ֝רְפֵּ֗נִי תרף תרף׃ תרפינה תרפני ’ar·pe·hā ’ar·pə·ḵā ’ar·pen·nū ’arpehā ’arpəḵā ’arpennū arpeCha arPeha arPennu har·pêh har·pêh- har·pū harPeh harpêh harpêh- harPu harpū he·rep̄ Heref herep̄ hiṯ·rap·pî·ṯā Hitrappita hiṯrappîṯā mə·rap·pê mə·rap·pîm merapPe mərappê merapPim mərappîm miṯ·rap·peh miṯ·rap·pîm mitrapPeh miṯrappeh mitrapPim miṯrappîm nir·pîm nirPim nirpîm rā·p̄āh rā·p̄ə·ṯāh rā·p̄ū raFah rafeTah raFu rāp̄āh rāp̄əṯāh rāp̄ū rip·pāh ripPah rippāh ṯar·pê·nî tarPeni ṯarpênî tə·rap·pe·nāh te·rep̄ terapPeinah tərappenāh Teref terep̄ tir·pe·nāh tirPeinah tirpenāh vaiYiref vaiyirPu veraFu way·yi·rep̄ way·yir·pū wayyirep̄ wayyirpū wə·rā·p̄ū wərāp̄ū yar·pə·ḵā yarpeCha yarpəḵā yir·peh yir·pū yirpeh yirPu yirpū
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2020. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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