Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #5532 - סָכַן
1) to be of use or service or profit or benefit
1a1) to be of use or service
1a2) servitor, steward (participle)
1a3) to benefit, profit
1b) (Hiphil) to be used, be wont, exhibit use or habit, show harmony
V) nkx (סכנ SKN) - Benefit: To be of use, service or profit in order that one may benefit from it. KJV (14): (vf: Paal, Niphil, Hiphil, Pual, Participle) acquaint, profitable, cherish, advantage, endanger, impoverish, treasure - Strongs: H5532 (סָכַן), H5533 (סָכַן)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
סָכַן fut. יִסְכֹּן
(1) pr. i.q. שָׁכַן, سَكَنَ to inhabit, to dwell, with an acc. of pers. with any one.
(2) Those who live with any one in the same house become familiar with him, they associate with him, hence Part. סֹכֵן an associate, friend (of a king), Isaiah 22:15 fem. סֹכֶנֶת female friend, 1 Kings 1:2, 1 Kings 1:4. Comp. Hiph. Hence
(3) followed by לְ and עַל of pers. to do kindness to any one, Job 22:2, 35:3 absol. Job 15:3. Intrans. to profit, Job 34:9.
(4) i.q. Arab. سَكُنَ Conj. I. and V. to be poor, needy, see P.u. and מִסְכֵּן, מִסְכֵּנוּת. Many have despaired of reconciling this signification with the others; and the attempts which have been made to do this have been very unsatisfactory. To give my own opinion, I suppose that it has originated in the idea of being seated, which is nearly connected with that of dwelling. Words which imply being seated, are often applied to the idea of sitting down, sinking, through languor and debility; compare قمد to sit, Conj. IV. pass. to be forced to sit down, to be lame; قَمَدُ weakness in the foot of a camel; قُمَدىُّ an impotent man; also sedחre and siןre. Arabic سَكُنَ and Heb. סֻכַּן is therefore pr. to be collapsed, sunk, sunk in one’s affairs, heruntergekommen fehn, compare מוּךְ, מָכַךְ.
Niphal, i.q. Ch. Ithpa. to be endangered. Ecclesiastes 10:9, “he who cuts wood shall be endangered.” So it is commonly taken, nor is it a bad sense, although this signification is foreign from the other meanings of the verb. I should suppose it to be a denominative from שַׂכִּין a mattock, an axe, which see: hence to cut oneself, to be wounded by cutting.
Pual, part. מְסֻכָּן prop. brought to want; hence poor, needy (see Kal No. 4). Isaiah 40:20, הַמְסֻכָּן תְּרוּמָה “he who is poor as to gifts,” who has not much to offer.
(1) to form acquaintance with any one; followed by עִם Job 22:21 also with anything; hence to know; with an acc. Psalms 139:3, כָּל־דְּרָכַי הִסְכַּנְתָּה “thou knowest all my ways.”
(2) to be accustomed to do anything; followed by a gerund, Numbers 22:30.
The derived noun מִסְכְּנוֹת storehouses, takes its signification from the verb כָּנַס.
[Derivatives, מִסְכֵּן, מִסְכֵּנוּת].
the First Week after Epiphany