Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2637 - חָסֵר
1) to lack, be without, decrease, be lacking, have a need
1a1) to lack
1a2) to be lacking
1a3) to diminish, decrease
1b) (Piel) to cause to lack
1c) (Hiphil) to cause to be lacking
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
חָסֵר fut. יֶחְסַר plur. יַחְסְרוּ [“to diminish, to cut short”]
(1) to be devoid of anything, to lack, to be without, followed by an acc. (like verbs of plenty and want), Deuteronomy 2:7, 8:9 Psalms 34:11; Proverbs 31:11. Genesis 18:28, אוּלַי יַחְסְרוּן חֲמִשִּׁים הַצַּדִּקִים חֲמִשָּׁה “perhaps five shall be lacking to the fifty righteous;” properly, “perhaps the fifty righteous shall lack five.”
(2) absol. to suffer want, Psalms 23:1; Proverbs 13:25.
(3) to fail, to be lessened, Genesis 8:3, 1 Kings 17:14.
(4) to be wanting, Ecclesiastes 9:8; Deuteronomy 15:8. (Arab. خَسَرَ and خَسِرَ to suffer harm or loss.)
Piel, to cause to want. Psalms 8:6, וַתְּחַסְּרֵהוּ מְעַט מֵאֱלֹהִים “thou hast made him to be wanting but a little of God;” that he should not be much lower than God; [but see the true meaning of this passage from the use made of it in Heb. ii. 7, 9]; followed by מִן of the thing, Ecclesiastes 4:8.
(1) causat. to make to fail (fehlen, mangeln laffen), Isaiah 32:6.
(2) intrans. to be in want, Exodus 16:18.
Derivatives, חַסִּיר, מַחְסֹר, and the following words.
חָסֵר [verbal] adj. wanting, lacking, needing, followed by acc. 1 Kings 11:22 followed by acc. מִן Ecclesiastes 6:2. חֲסַר לֶחֶם in want of bread, 2 Samuel 3:29. חֲסַר לֵב wanting understanding, Proverbs 6:32, 7:7 9:4 subst. want of understanding, 10:21.
the Third Week after Epiphany