Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #908 - βάπτισμα
- immersion, submersion
- of calamities and afflictions with which one is quite overwhelmed
- of John's baptism, that purification rite by which men on confessing their sins were bound to spiritual reformation, obtained the pardon of their past sins and became qualified for the benefits of the Messiah's kingdom soon to be set up. This was valid Christian baptism, as this was the only baptism the apostles received and it is not recorded anywhere that they were ever rebaptised after Pentecost.
- of Christian baptism; a rite of immersion in water as commanded by Christ, by which one after confessing his sins and professing his faith in Christ, having been born again by the Holy Spirit unto a new life, identifies publicly with the fellowship of Christ and the church.
In Rom. 6:3 Paul states we are "baptised unto death" meaning that weare not only dead to our former ways, but they are buried. To return to them is as unthinkable for a Christian as for one to dig up a dead corpse!
In Moslem countries a new believer has little trouble with Moslems until he is publicly baptised. It is then, that the Moslems' know he means business and the persecution starts. See also the discussion of baptism under No. 907.
βάπτ-ισμα, ατος, τό,
baptism, Matthew 3:7, etc.; β. εἰς τὸν θάνατον Romans 6:4.
† βάπτισμα , -τος , τό
(< βαπτίζω ),
prop., the result of the act, τὸ βαπτίζειν , as distinct from βαπτισμός , the act itself, immersion, baptism;
1. metaph., of affliction: Mark 10:38-39, Luke 12:50.
2. Of the religious rite of baptism;
(a) of John's baptism: Matthew 3:7; Matthew 21:25, Mark 11:30, Luke 7:29; Luke 20:4, Acts 1:22; Acts 10:37; Acts 18:25; Acts 19:3; β . μετανοίας , Mark 1:4, Luke 3:3, Acts 13:24; Acts 19:4;
(b) of Christian baptism; Romans 6:4, Ephesians 4:5, Colossians 2:12 (Tr., -μῷ , q.v.), 1 Peter 3:21 (cf. Cremer, 130; Tr., Syn. § xcix).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The word is restored by the editor in the new fragment of an uncanonical Gospel, P Oxy X.1224, Fr. 2 verso i. 4 (iv/A.D.) τί β ]ά [πτισμ ]α καινὸν [κηρύσσειν (sc. φασὶν ) ";what is the new baptism that they say thou dost preach?";—where for β . κηρύσσειν he compares Mark 1:4, and for the likelihood of questions concerning a ";new baptism,"; John 4:1 f.. That the noun is ";peculiar to NT and eccl. writ."; (Grimm) is of course natural : the new use to which the verb was put as a term. techn. demanded a corresponding noun. The same may be said of βαπτισμός and βαπτιστής , which only occur certainly in Josephus’s account of John the Baptist : see further s.v. βαπτισμός .
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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