Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #907 - βαπτίζω

Transliteration
baptízō
Phonetics
bap-tid'-zo  
Origin
from a derivative of (911)
Parts of Speech
TDNT
1:529,92
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to dip repeatedly, to immerse, to submerge (of vessels sunk)
  2. to cleanse by dipping or submerging, to wash, to make clean with water, to wash one's self, bathe
  3. to overwhelm
Not to be confused with 911, bapto. The clearest example that shows the meaning of baptizo is a text from the Greek poet and physician Nicander, who lived about 200 B.C. It is a recipe for making pickles and is helpful because it uses both words. Nicander says that in order to make a pickle, the vegetable should first be 'dipped' (bapto) into boiling water and then 'baptised' (baptizo) in the vinegar solution. Both verbs concern the immersing of vegetables in a solution. But the first is temporary. The second, the act of baptising the vegetable, produces a permanent change. When used in the New Testament, this word more often refers to our union and identification with Christ than to our water baptism. e.g. Mark 16:16. 'He that believes and is baptised shall be saved'. Christ is saying that mere intellectual assent is not enough. There must be a union with him, a real change, like the vegetable to the pickle! Bible Study Magazine, James Montgomery Boice, May 1989.
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2881 ‑ טָבַל (taw‑bal');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (86)
Matthew
11
Mark
13
Luke
12
John
13
Acts
22
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
12
Galatians
1
NAS (77)
Matthew
7
Mark
12
Luke
11
John
13
Acts
21
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
10
Galatians
1
HCS (77)
Matthew
7
Mark
13
Luke
10
John
13
Acts
21
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
10
Galatians
1
BSB (77)
Matthew
7
Mark
13
Luke
10
John
13
Acts
21
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
10
Galatians
1
ESV (70)
Matthew
7
Mark
12
Luke
7
John
12
Acts
19
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
10
Galatians
1
WEB (90)
Matthew
11
Mark
14
Luke
12
John
13
Acts
23
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
13
Galatians
2
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

βαπτ-ίζω,

1. dip, plunge, ξίφος εἰς σφαγήν J. BJ 2.18.4; σπάθιον εἰς τὸ ἔμβρυον Sor. 2.63: Pass., of a trephine, Gal. 10.447; βάπτισον σεαυτὸν εἰς θάλασσαν Plu. 2.166a; β. Διόνυσον πρὸς τὴν θάλασσαν ib. 914d: in Pass., to be drowned, Epict. Gnom. 47; of ships, sink or disable them, Plb. 1.51.6, 16.6.2 (Pass.); ἐβάπτισαν τὴν πόλιν flooded the city, metaph., of the crowds who flocked into Jerusalem at the time of the siege, J. BJ 4.3.3; β. τινὰ εἰσφοραῖς D.S. 1.73; β. τινὰ ὕπνῳ AP 11.49 (Even.); ὕπνῳ βεβαπτισμένος Archig. and Posidon. ap. Aët. 6.3: Pass., ὡς ἐκ τοῦ βεβαπτίσθαι ἀναπνέουσι Hp. Epid. 5.63; to be drenched, Eub. 68: metaph., βεβαπτισμένοι soaked in wine, Pl. Smp. 176b; ὀφλήμασι βεβ. over head and ears in debt, Plu. Galb. 21; γνοὺς βαπτιζόμενον τὸ μειράκιον seeing that he was getting into deep water, Pl. Euthd. 277d; β. εἰς ἀναισθησίαν καὶ ὕπνον J. AJ 10.9.4; ὁ τῷ θυμῷ βεβαπτισμένος καταδύεται Ach.Tat. 6.19; ψυχή βεβαπτισμένη λύπῃ Lib. Or. 64.115.

2. draw wine by dipping the cup in the bowl, Aristopho 14.5; φιάλαις β. ἐκ.. κρατήρων Plu. Alex. 67.

3. baptize, τινά Mark 1:4; ἐν ὕδατι εἰς μετάνοιαν Matthew 3:11 : Pass., βαπτισθήτω ἕκαστος εἰς ἄφεσιν ἁμαρτιῶν Acts 2:38; εἰς Χριστόν Romans 6:3, etc.: Med., dip oneself, LXX 4 Ki. 5.14; get oneself baptized, Acts 22:16; 1 Corinthians 10:2 : Pass., perform ablutions,.Luke 11:38.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

βαπτίζω

(< βάπτω ),

[in LXX: 2 Kings 5:14 (H2881), Isaiah 21:4, Judith 12:7, Sirach 31:30 *;]

to dip, immerse, sink;

1. generally (in Polyb., iii, 72, of soldiers wading breast-deep; in i, 51, of the sinking of ships); metaph., to overwhelm (Isa, i.c.; cf. MM, Exp., x); c. cogn. acc, βάπτισμα β ., Mark 10:38-39 Luke 12:50. Mid.,

2. to perform ablutions, wash oneself, bathe (Ki, Jth, Sir, ll c.): Mark 7:4; aor. pass. in same sense, Luke 11:38.

3. Of ablution, immersion, as a religious rite, to baptize;

(a) absol.; Mark 1:4, John 1:25-26; John 1:28; John 3:22-23; John 3:26; John 4:2; John 10:40, 1 Corinthians 1:17; ὁ βαπτίζωι (= ὁ βαπτιστής , M, Pr., 127), Mark 6:14; Mark 6:24; c. acc, John 4:1, Acts 8:38, 1 Corinthians 1:14; 1 Corinthians 1:16; C. cogn acc, τὸ βάπτισμα , Acts 19:4 (cf. Mark 10:38, supr.); pass., to be baptized, receive baptism: Matthew 3:13-16 Mark 16:16, Luke 3:7; Luke 3:12; Luke 3:21; Luke 7:29 (τ . βάπτισμα ) Luke 7:30, Acts 2:41; Acts 8:12-13; Acts 8:36; Acts 9:18; Acts 10:47; Acts 16:15; Acts 16:33; Acts 18:8; mid., Acts 22:16 (M, Pr., 163);

(b) with prepositions: ἐν , of the element, Matthew 3:6; Matthew 3:11, Mark 1:4-5; Mark 1:8, Luke 3:15, John 1:26; John 1:31; John 1:33; John 3:23, Acts 1:5; Acts 2:38; Acts 10:48; Acts 11:16, 1 Corinthians 10:2; εἰς , of the element, purpose or result (Lft., Notes, 155), Matthew 3:11; Matthew 28:19, Mark 1:9, Acts 8:16; Acts 19:3; Acts 19:5, Romans 6:3, 1 Corinthians 1:13; 1 Corinthians 1:15; 1 Corinthians 10:2; 1 Corinthians 12:13, Galatians 3:27; c. dat., ὕδατι , Luke 3:16, Acts 1:5; Acts 11:16; ὑπὲρ τῶν νεκρῶν , perh. to fulfil the wish of a dead friend, 1 Corinthians 15:29 (v. ICC, in l; cf. DB, 1, 238 ff.; DCG, i, 169a; ii, 605b; Cremer, 126).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

As late as iv/A.D. the word is used in a magic papyrus, P Lond 46.69 (= I. p. 67) of a ";submerged"; boat—ἀπὸ νεναυαγηκ (ότος ) πλοίου ἀπὸ πάκτωνος βεβαπτισμ (ένου ). Lucian Timon 44 makes the Misanthrope threaten ὠθεῖν καὶ ἐπὶ κεφαλὴν βαπτίζοντα . So in a fragment of Epictetus (Stobaeus no. 47—Schenkl p. 474), quoted by D. S. Sharp, Epictetus and the NT, p. 66, ὥσπερ οὐκ ἂν ἐβούλου ἐν νηῒ μεγάλῃ καὶ γλαφυρᾷ καὶ πολυχρύσῳ πλέων βαπτίζεσθαι . With its use to express ceremonial ablution—as Luke 11:38 and the new Gospel-fragment P Oxy V. 840.15 μ [ ]τε μὴν τῶν μαθητῶν σου τοὺς π [όδας βα ]πτισθέντων —we may compare another magic papyrus P Lond 121.441 (iii/A.D.) (= I. p. 98) λουσάμενος καὶ βαπτισάμενος . Our earliest quotation is from P Par 47.13 (c. B.C. 153) (= Selections, p. 22) κἂν ι ̣̔̓δῇς ὅτι μέλλομεν σωθῆναι , τότε βαπτιζώμεθα . The translation of the letter, which is very illiterate, is by no means clear, but βαπτιζόμεθα must mean ";flooded,"; or overwhelmed with calamities. That the word was already in use in this metaphorical sense (cf. Diod. i. 73. 6), even among uneducated people, strikingly illustrates our Lord’s speaking of His Passion as a ";baptism"; (Mark 10:38).

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
βαπτιζει βαπτίζει βαπτιζειν βαπτίζειν βαπτιζεις βαπτίζεις βαπτιζομαι βαπτίζομαι βαπτιζομενοι βαπτιζόμενοι βαπτιζονται βαπτίζονται βαπτιζοντες βαπτίζοντες βαπτιζοντος βαπτίζοντος βαπτιζω βαπτίζω βαπτιζων βαπτίζων βαπτισαι βάπτισαι βαπτισει βαπτίσει βαπτισθεις βαπτισθείς βαπτισθεὶς βαπτισθεντες βαπτισθέντες βαπτισθεντος βαπτισθέντος βαπτισθηναι βαπτισθήναι βαπτισθῆναι βαπτισθησεσθε βαπτισθήσεσθε βαπτισθητω βαπτισθήτω βαπτίσωνται βεβαπτισμενοι βεβαπτισμένοι εβαπτιζεν εβάπτιζεν ἐβάπτιζεν εβαπτιζοντο εβαπτίζοντο ἐβαπτίζοντο εβαπτισα εβάπτισα ἐβάπτισα εβαπτίσαντο εβαπτίσατο εβάπτισε εβαπτισεν εβάπτισεν ἐβάπτισεν εβαπτισθη εβαπτίσθη ἐβαπτίσθη εβαπτισθημεν εβαπτίσθημεν ἐβαπτίσθημεν εβαπτισθησαν εβαπτίσθησαν ἐβαπτίσθησαν εβαπτισθητε εβαπτίσθητε ἐβαπτίσθητε baptisai báptisai baptisei baptísei baptistheis baptistheìs baptisthenai baptisthênai baptisthēnai baptisthē̂nai baptisthentes baptisthéntes baptisthentos baptisthéntos baptisthesesthe baptisthēsesthe baptisthḗsesthe baptistheto baptisthētō baptisthḗto baptisthḗtō baptizei baptízei baptizein baptízein baptizeis baptízeis baptizo baptizō baptízo baptízō baptizomai baptízomai baptizomenoi baptizómenoi baptizon baptizōn baptízon baptízōn baptizontai baptízontai baptizontes baptízontes baptizontos baptízontos bebaptismenoi bebaptisménoi ebaptisa ebáptisa ebaptisen ebáptisen ebaptisthe ebaptisthē ebaptísthe ebaptísthē ebaptisthemen ebaptisthēmen ebaptísthemen ebaptísthēmen ebaptisthesan ebaptisthēsan ebaptísthesan ebaptísthēsan ebaptisthete ebaptisthēte ebaptísthete ebaptísthēte ebaptizen ebáptizen ebaptizonto ebaptízonto
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2020. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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