Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4625 - σκάνδαλον
- the movable stick or trigger of a trap, a trap stick
- a trap, snare
- any impediment placed in the way and causing one to stumble or fall, (a stumbling block, occasion of stumbling) i.e. a rock which is a cause of stumbling
- fig. applied to Jesus Christ, whose person and career were so contrary to the expectations of the Jews concerning the Messiah, that they rejected him and by their obstinacy made shipwreck of their salvation
- any person or thing by which one is (entrapped) drawn into error or sin
no Definition found
† σκάνδαλον , -ου , τό
(late form of the rare word σκανδάληθρον , v. LS, s.v.),
the bait-stick of a trap, a snare, stumbling-block (Leviticus 19:14, Judith 5:1): fig., Romans 9:33, 1 Peter 2:8 (Isaiah 8:14; aliter in LXX; στερεὸν σκανδάλου in Aq.). Metaph., of that which causes error or sin;
(a) of persons: Matthew 13:41; Matthew 16:23; Χριστὸς ἐσταυρωμένος , 1 Corinthians 1:23;
(b) of things: Matthew 18:7, Romans 11:9 (LXX) Romans 14:13, 1 John 2:10 Revelation 2:14; τὸ σ . τοῦ σταυροῦ , Galatians 5:11; pl., Matthew 18:7, Luke 17:1, Romans 16:17.†
SYN.: πρόσκομμα G4348.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
στέμμα occurs in the NT only in Acts 14:13, where it refers to the sacrificial garlands with which the victims were adorned (cf. Field Notes, p. 122). In P Ryl II. 77.31 (A.D. 192) it is used in connexion with ";guilds,"; οἱ διέπον [τες τὴν τ ]ῶν στεμμάτων [διοίκησι ]ν εἶπον, ";the administrators of the guilds said"; (see the editors’ note), and in P Fay 87.10 (A.D. 155) a sum is paid τῷ ἐπὶ τῶν στεμμάτων προκεχι (ρισμένῳ), ";to the official in charge of the stemmata"; (see the editors’ note). The sepulchral Kaibel 858.2 shows στέμμασιν ἀθανάτοις. See further Headlam’s elaborate note ad Herodas VIII. 11.
For the verb στέφω we may cite P Ryl II. 77.34 (A.D. 192) στεφέσθω Ἀχιλλεὺς κοσμητείαν, ";let Achilles be crowned as cosmetes.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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