Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2540 - καιρός

Transliteration
kairós
Phonetics
kahee-ros'
Origin
of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
3:455,389
Definition
Thayer's
  1. due measure
  2. a measure of time, a larger or smaller portion of time, hence:
    1. a fixed and definite time, the time when things are brought to crisis, the decisive epoch waited for
    2. opportune or seasonable time
    3. the right time
    4. a limited period of time
    5. to what time brings, the state of the times, the things and events of time
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 314 ‑ אַחֲרֹן (akh‑ar‑one', akh‑ar‑one');  2165 ‑ זְמָן (zem‑awn');  3117 ‑ יוֹם (yome);  4150 ‑ מוֹעָדָה (mo‑ade', mo‑ade', mo‑aw‑daw');  5704 ‑ עַד (ad);  5732 ‑ עִדָּן (id‑dawn');  5844 ‑ עָטָה (aw‑taw');  6106 ‑ עֶצֶם (eh'‑tsem);  6256 ‑ עֵת (ayth);  6471 ‑ פַּעֲמָה (pah'‑am, pah‑am‑aw');  6738 ‑ צֵל (tsale);  7093 ‑ קֵץ (kates);  7272 ‑ רֶגֶל (reh'‑gel);  8141 ‑ שָׁנָה (shaw‑neh', shaw‑naw');  8447 ‑ תֹּר (tore, tore);  8454 ‑ תֻּשִׁיָּה (too‑shee‑yaw', too‑shee‑yaw');  8622 ‑ תְּקֻפָה (tek‑oo‑faw', tek‑oo‑faw');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (86)
Matthew
10
Mark
5
Luke
13
John
4
Acts
9
Romans
6
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
3
Galatians
3
Ephesians
3
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
2
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
3
2 Timothy
4
Titus
1
Hebrews
4
1 Peter
4
Revelation
7
NAS (92)
Matthew
11
Mark
5
Luke
16
John
4
Acts
9
Romans
7
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
3
Galatians
3
Ephesians
4
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
3
2 Timothy
3
Titus
1
Hebrews
5
1 Peter
5
Revelation
7
HCS (84)
Matthew
10
Mark
5
Luke
13
John
3
Acts
9
Romans
6
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
3
Galatians
3
Ephesians
4
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
2
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
3
2 Timothy
3
Titus
1
Hebrews
3
1 Peter
4
Revelation
7
BSB (85)
Matthew
10
Mark
5
Luke
13
John
3
Acts
9
Romans
6
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
3
Galatians
3
Ephesians
4
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
2
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
3
2 Timothy
3
Titus
1
Hebrews
4
1 Peter
4
Revelation
7
ESV (76)
Matthew
7
Mark
4
Luke
11
John
3
Acts
8
Romans
6
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
3
Galatians
3
Ephesians
4
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
2
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
3
2 Timothy
3
Titus
1
Hebrews
3
1 Peter
3
Revelation
7
WEB (86)
Matthew
10
Mark
5
Luke
12
John
4
Acts
9
Romans
7
1 Corinthians
2
2 Corinthians
3
Galatians
3
Ephesians
4
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
2
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
3
2 Timothy
3
Titus
1
Hebrews
5
1 Peter
4
Revelation
7
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

καιρός, ὁ,

I due measure, proportion, fitness (not in Hom.), καιρὸς δ' ἐπὶ πᾶσιν ἄριστος (which became a prov.) Hes. Op. 694, Thgn. 401; κ. παντὸς ἔχει κορυφάν Pi. P. 9.78; κ. Χάριτος A. Ag. 787 (anap.) (cf. ὑποκάμπτω 11); εἰ ὁ κ. ἦν σαφής the distinction, the point, E. Hipp. 386; ἡ ἀπορία ἔχει τινὰ κ. has some point or importance, Arist. Metaph. 1043b25; καιροῦ πέρα beyond measure, unduly, A. Pr. 507; μείζων τοῦ κ. γαστήρ X. Smp. 2.19; καιροῦ μεῖζον E. Fr. 626 codd.; προσωτέρω or πορρωτέρω τοῦ κ., X. An. 4.3.34, HG 7.5.13; ὀξύτερα τοῦ κ. Pl. Plt. 307b; νωθεστέρα τοῦ κ. ib. 310e; ὑπερβάλλων τῇ φιλοτιμίᾳ τὸν κ. Plu. Ages. 8, cf. Hp. Loc.Hom. 44. II of Place, vital part of the body (cf. καίριος 1), ἐς καιρὸν τυπείς E. Andr. 1120. III more freq. of Time, exact or critical time, season, opportunity, Χρόνου κ. S. El. 1292: usu. alone, κ. [ ἐστιν ] ἐν ᾧ Χρόνος οὐ πολὺς κτλ. Hp. Praec. [*], cf. Chrysipp. et Archig. ap. Daremberg Notices etextr. des MSS. médicaux 1p.200; κ. ὀξύς Hp. Aph. 1.1; κ. πρὸς ἀνθρώπων βραχὺ μέτρον ἔχει 'time and tide wait for no man', Pi. P. 4.286; κ. ὄλβου, = καίριος ὄλβος, Id. N. 7.58; δηλοῦν, ὅ τι περ δύναται κ. Ar. Ec. 576 codd. (sed leg. δύνασαι) ; τίνα κ. τοῦ παρόντος βελτίω ζητεῖτε; D. 3.16; κ. δόσιος for giving, Hp. Acut. 20; κ. τοῦ ποτισμοῦ, τῆς τρύγης, BGU 1003.12 (iii B. C.), PStrassb. 1.8 (V A. D.); τὰ ἐκ τοῦ κ. προγινόμενα Plb. 6.32.3; καιρὸν παριέναι to let the time go by, Th. 4.27 (so in pl., τοὺς κ. παριέναι Pl. R. 374c; τοὺς κ. ὑφαιρεῖσθαι Aeschin. 3.66); κ. τῶν πραγμάτων τοῖς ἐναντίοις καθυφιέναι καὶ προδοῦναι D. 19.6; καιροῦ (τοῦ κ.) τυχεῖν E. Hec. 593, Pl. Lg. 687a, Men. Mon. 281; καιρὸν εἰληφέναι Lys. 13.6 (but καιρὸς ἐλάμβανε Th. 2.34; cf. καιροῦ διδόντος Lib. Or. 45.7); καιροῦ λαβέσθαι Luc. Tim. 13; καιρὸν ἁρπάσαι Plu. Phil. 15; κ. τηρεῖν Arist. Rh. 1382b11; καιρῷ Χρήσασθαι Plu. Pyrrh. 7; καιρῷ Χειμῶνος ξυλλαβέσθαι co-operate with the occurrence of a storm, Pl. Lg. 709c; ἔχει κ. τι it happens in season, Th. 1.42, etc.; κ. ἔχειν τοῦ εὖ οἰκεῖν to be the chief cause of.., Pl. R. 421a; ὑμέας καιρός ἐστι προβοηθῆσαι Hdt. 8.144, cf. A. Pr. 523, etc.; νῦν κ. ἔρδειν S. El. 1368: sts. c. Art., ἀλλ' ἔσθ' ὁ κ... ξένους.. τυγχάνειν τὰ πρόσφορα A. Ch. 710; ὁ κ. ἐστι μὴ μέλλειν ἔτι Ar. Th. 661, cf. Pl. 255. adverbial phrases, ἐς καιρόν in season, Hdt. 7.144, E. Tr. 744, etc.; ἐς κ. ἐπείγεσθαι Hdt. 4.139; ἐς αὐτὸν κ. S. Aj. 1168; εἰς δέοντα κ. Men. Sam. 294; ἐν καιρῷ A. Pr. 381, Th. 4.59, etc.; ἐν κ. τινί Pl. Cri. 44a; ἐπὶ καιροῦ D. 19.258, 20.90, etc.; κατὰ καιρόν Pi. I. 2.22; ὥς οἱ κατὰ κ. ἦν Hdt. 1.30 (but also οἱ κατὰ κ. ἡγεμόνες in office at the time, BGU 15.10 (ii A. D.), etc.); παρὰ τῷ ἐντυχόντι αἰεὶ καὶ λόγου καὶ ἔργου κ. Th. 2.43; πρὸς καιρόν S. Aj. 38, Tr. 59, etc.; σὺν καιρῷ Plb. 2.38.7: without Preps., καιρῷ S. OT 1516; καιρόν, abs., S. Aj. 34, E. Fr. 495.9 (in Comp. form καιρότερον, Achae. 49); κ. γὰρ οὐδὲν ἦλθες E Hel. 479; opp. ἀπὸ καιροῦ out of season, Pl. Tht. 187e; ἄνευ καιροῦ Id. 339d; παρὰ καιρόν Pi. O. 8.24, E. IA 8c o (lyr.), Pl. Plt. 277a; πρὸ καιροῦ prematurely, A. Ag. 365 (anap.); ἐπὶ καιροῦ also means on the spur of the moment, ἐπὶ κ. λέγειν Plu. Dem. 8, cf. Art. 5; ἐξενεγκεῖν πόλεμον Id. Ant. 6.

2. season, πᾶσιν καιροῖς at all seasons of the year, IG 14.1018, cf. LXX Genesis 1:14, Ph. 1.13, Porph. ap. Eus. PE 3.11; κ. ἔτους, later Gr. for Att. ὥρα ἔτους, acc. to Moer. 424; time of day, Philostr. VA 6.14. critical times, periodic states, καιροὶ σωμάτων Arist. Pol. 1335a41.

3. generally, time, period, κατὰ τὸν κ. τοῦτον Plb. 27.1.7; κατ' ἐκεῖνο καιροῦ Conon 3, al.: more freq. in pl., κατὰ τούτους τοὺς κ. Arist. Ath. 23.2, al., cf. Plb. 2.39.1; τὰ κατὰ καιρούς chronological sequence of events, Id. 5.33.5; ἐν τοῖς πάλαι, ἐντοῖς μεταξὺ κ., Phld. Rh. 1.28,363 S.

4. in pl., οἱ καιροί the times, i. e. the state of affairs, freq. in bad sense, ἐν τοῖς μεγίστοις κ. at the most critical times, X. HG 6.5.33, cf. D. 20.44; περιστάντων τῇ πόλει κ. δυσκόλων IG 22.682.33, etc.: also in sg., X. An. 3.1.44, D. 17.9; ὁ ἔσχατος κ. extreme danger, Plb. 29.27.12, etc.; καιρῷ δουλεύειν AP 9.441 (Pall.). advantage, profit, τινος of or from a thing, Pi. O. 2.54, P. 1.57; εἴ τοι ἐς κ. ἔσται ταῦτα τελεόμενα to his advantage, Hdt. 1.206; ἐπὶ σῷ κ. S. Ph. 151 (lyr.); τίνα κ. με διδάσκεις; A. Supp. 1060 (lyr.); τί σοι καιρὸς.. καταλείβειν; what avails it..? E. Andr. 131 (lyr.); τίνος εἵνεκα καιροῦ; D. 23.182; οὗ κ. εἴη where it was convenient or advantageous, Th. 4.54; ᾗ κ. ἦν ib. 90; Χωρίον μετὰ μεγίστων κ. οἰκειοῦταί τε καὶ πολεμοῦται with the greatest odds, the most critical results, Id. 1.36. Pythag. name for seven, Theol.Ar. 44.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

καιρός , -οῦ , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H6256, also for H4150, etc.;]

1. due measure, fitness, proportion (Eur., Xen., al.).

2. Of Time (cl. also) in the sense of a fixed and definite period, time, season (Kennedy, Sources, 153): Matthew 11:25, Mark 1:15, Luke 21:8, Romans 13:11, Ephesians 6:18, Hebrews 11:15, 1 Peter 1:5; 1 Peter 1:11 Revelation 1:3, al.; c. gen., πειρασμοῦ Luke 8:13; τ . καρπῶν , Matthew 21:34; σύκων , Mark 11:13; pl., Matthew 21:41; χρόνοι ἢ (καὶ ) κ ., Acts 1:7, 1 Thessalonians 5:1; ἐθνῶν , Luke 21:24; of opportune or seasonable time, Acts 24:25, Galatians 6:10, Ephesians 5:16, Colossians 4:5; c. inf., Hebrews 11:15; ὁ κ . οὗτος , Mark 10:30, Luke 18:30; ὁ νῦν κ . (Dalman, Words, 148), Romans 8:18; ὁ κ . ὁ ἐμός , John 7:6; κ . δεκτῲ , 2 Corinthians 6:2 (LXX); δουλεύειν τῷ κ ., Romans 12:11, R, mg.; τ . σημεῖα τῶν κ ., Matthew 16:3; adverbial usages: ἐν κ ., Matthew 24:45, 1 Peter 5:6 (cf. καιρῷ , Luke 20:10; τῷ κ ., Mark 12:2); ἄχρι καιροῦ , Luke 4:13; πρὸς καιρόν , Luke 8:13, 1 Corinthians 7:5; κατὰ καιρόν , Romans 5:6; πρὸ καιροῦ , Matthew 8:29.

SYN.: (χρόνος =G5550) time in the sense of duration.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the idea of ";fitting season,"; ";opportunity,"; which is specially associated with this word, we may cite such passages as PSI IV. 375.8 (B.C. 250–49) ὡς ἄν σοι καιρὸς γένηται, P Oxy I. 37i. 15 (A.D. 49) (= Selections, p. 50) καιρὸν εὑροῦσ [α ] εἰσεπήδησεν εἰς τὴν τοῦ ἡμετέρου [ο ]ἰκίαν καὶ τὸ σωμάτιον ἀφήρπασεν, ";seizing a favourable opportunity, she burst into my client’s house, and carried off the foundling";—an advocate speaks, P Amh II. 130.10 (A.D. 70) οὔτε κερὸν (l. καιρὸν) γ ̣ν ̣ούς, ";and perceived no opportunity,"; P Meyer 20.20 (1st half ii/A.D.) συνπεριφέρου τῷ καιρῷ ἕως σε καταλάβω, ";adapt yourself to circumstances until I join you,"; ib. .22 βλέπετε καὶ ὑμεῖς τὸν καιρο ̣ν, P Tebt II. 332.9 (A.D. 176) ἐπῆλθάν τινες λῃστρικῷ τρόπῳ οἰκίαν μου. . . καιρὸν λαβόμενοι τῆς ἐκκυτ (= οιτ)είας μου, ";certain persons broke into my house in a thievish manner taking advantage of my absence."; Cf. also such phrases as P Par 46.7 (B.C. 157) ἐν τοῖς ἀναγκαιοτάτοις καιροῖς. BGU IV, 1185.4 (end i/B.C.) ἐν τοῖς. . ἐπείγουσι κα [ιρ ]οῖς, P Amh II. 87.20 (A.D. 125) τῷ δήοντι καιρῷ, ";at the due time,"; and in plur. ib. 91.13 (A.D. 159) τοῖς δεοῦσι καιροῖς, P Giss I. 19.4 (ii/A.D.) διὰ τὰ ὄν [τα τ ]οῦ καιροῦ φημιζόμενα. The word passes into the meaning ";crisis"; in the interesting letter P Lond 42.15 (B.C. 168) (= I. p. 30, Selections, p. 10) which a wife addresses to her husband ";in retreat"; in the Serapeum telling him of her difficulties, and of having piloted herself and child ";out of such a crisis";—ἐκ τοῦ το [ιού ]του καιροῦ ἐμαυτή [ν ] τε καὶ τὸ παιδί [ον σ ]ου διακεκυβερνηκυῖα, and ib. .24 ὡς ἔτ [ι ] σοῦ παρ [όν ]τος πάντων ἐπεδεόμη ̣ν ̣, μὴ ὅτι γε τοσούτου χρόνου ἐπιγεγονότος καὶ τοιούτων καιρῶν, ";while you were still at home, I went short altogether, not to mention how long a time has elapsed with such disasters."; In P Tebt II. 272.14 (late ii/A.D.) οἱ καιροί are used of ";the stages"; of a fever. For a happier connotation see the mantic P Ryl I. 28.153 (iv/A.D.) γαστροκνημία δεξιὰ ἐὰν ἅλληται ἐξ ἀπροσδοκήτου προσλήμψεταί τι κατὰ τὸν βίον καὶ ἕξει τοῦ καιροῦ, ";if the right calf quiver, the person will unexpectedly acquire something in his life and will have prosperity"; (Edd.). Adverbial phrases are seen in P Fay 90.17 (A.D. 234) τὴν ἐπὶ τοῦ καιροῦ ἐσο (μένην) πλίστην τεί (μην), ";the highest price current,"; P Ryl 11. 76.9 (late ii/A.D.) τῶν κατὰ καιρὸν ἐπιτρόπων τε καὶ ἡγεμόνων, ";successive procurators and praefects"; (Edd.), ib. 104.9 (A.D. 167) ταῖς κατὰ καιρὸν κατ᾽ οἰκ (ίαν) [ ]πογρα (φαῖς), ";the successive household censuses,"; P Lond 974.5 (A.D. 305–6) (= III. p. 116) τῶν κατὰ καιρὸν εἴδων ὀπωριμείων, ";fruits in season."; As showing the transition to the meaning ";weather,"; which the word has in MGr, cf. PSI V. 486.10 (B.C. 258–7) ὁ γὰρ καιρὸς ὁ βε ̣[λ ]τ ̣ι ̣σ ̣τ ̣ος ἐνέστηκε, P Oxy X. 1257.3 (iii/A.D.) τοῦ καιροῦ λήξαντος τῆς παραδόσεως σίτου, ";the time for the delivery of corn had passed"; (Edd.), P Fay 133.9 (iv/A.D.) ὁ καιρὸς νῦν ἐστιν ὀψιμώτερος, ";the season is now rather late,"; ib. 135.2 (iv/A.D.) τοῦ καιροῦ καλέσαντος τῆς συνκομιδῆς ὀϕ ̣[ . . ., ";as the season requires the gathering . . . "; (Edd.). The adj. καίριμος is applied to ";seasoned"; wine in P Flor II. 139*.2 (A.D. 264), cf. ib. 143.2, 266.3, P Rein 53.2 (iii/iv A.D.) (where, however, the editor translates doubtfully ";au moment le plus opportun(?)";), and the compd. verb καιροτηρέω, ";wait for a favourable opportunity,"; occurs in P Amh II. 35.3 (B.C. 132), BGU III. 909.6 (A.D. 359). See also P Lond 379.3 (iii/A.D. ?) (= II. p. 162) ἀκαιρί. ";at inconvenient seasons."; For the relation of καιρός to χρόνος see Trench Syn. § lvii., Rhein, Mus. N.F. lix. (1904), p. 233 ff., and for a discussion of the Greek idea of καιρός see Butcher Harvard Lectures on Greek Subjects, p. 117 ff. In MGr χρόνος = ";year,"; and καιρός = ";weather.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καιροι καιροί καιροὶ καιροις καιροίς καιροῖς καιρον καιρόν καιρὸν καιρος καιρός καιρὸς καιρου καιρού καιροῦ καιρους καιρούς καιροὺς καιρω καιρώ καιρῷ καιρων καιρών καιρῶν kairo kairō kairoi kairoì kairôi kairō̂i kairois kairoîs kairon kairón kairòn kairôn kairōn kairō̂n kairos kairós kairòs kairou kairoû kairous kairoùs
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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