Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia


Additional Links

kwēn : The Bible applies this term: (1) To the wife of a king ("queen consort") ( מלכּה , malkāh ). In the Book of Esther it is the title given to Vashti ( Esther 1:9 ) and Esther (Esther 2:22 ); compare Song of Solomon 6:8 f. Another Hebrew word for queen consort is גּבירה , gebhı̄rāh , literally "mistress" (compare 1 Kings 11:19 , the wife of Pharaoh; 2 Kings 10:13 , "the children of the king and the children of the queen"). In Nehemiah 2:6 and Psalm 45:9 we find the expression שׁגּל , shēghāl , which some trace back to שׁגל , shāghal , "to ravish," a rather doubtful derivation. Still another term is שׂרה , sārāh , literally, "princess" (Isaiah 49:23 ). The Septuagint sometimes uses the word βασίκισσα , bası́lissa ; compare Psalm 45:9 . (2) To a female ruler or sovereign ("queen regnant"). The only instances are those of the queen (malkāh ) of Sheba (1 Kings 10:1-13; compare 2 Chronicles 9:1-12 ) and of Candace, the queen (basilissa ) of the Ethiopians (Acts 8:27 ). In Matthew 12:42 (compare Luke 11:31 ) Christ refers to the queen of the south (βασίλισσα νότου , bası́lissa nótou ), meaning, of course, the queen of Sheba. (3) To a heathen deity, השּׁמים מלכת , melekheth ha -shāmayim , "the queen of heaven" (Jeremiah 7:18; Jeremiah 44:17 ff). See QUEEN OF HEAVEN .

(4) Metaphorically , to the city of Babylon (Rome) ( Revelation 18:7 ): an expression denoting sovereign contempt and imaginary dignity and power.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and were generously provided by the folks at WordSearch Software.

Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Queen'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

Search for…
Enter query in the box below:
Choose a letter to browse:
Prev Entry
Next Entry
Queen Mother