International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ok´ū́ - pı̄ : Is in the King James Version the translation of 7 different words: (1) נתן , nāthan ; (2) סחר , ṣāḥar ; (3) ערב , ‛ārabh ; (4) עשׂה , ‛āsāh , either with or without the added word, מלאכה , melā'khāh ; (5) ἀναπληροῦν , anaplēroun ; (6) περιπατεῖν , peripateı́n ; (7) πραγματεύειν , pragmateúein . In almost every case the meanings of "to occupy" as used in the King James Version in harmony with the common usage of the time have become obsolete. (1) In Ezekiel 27:16 , Ezekiel 27:19 , Ezekiel 27:22 , nāthan meant "to trade," and the Revised Version (British and American) reads "traded." (2) From ṣāḥar , "to go about," was derived a designation of "merchants" (Revised Version) (Ezekiel 27:21 ). (3) ‛Ārabh (Ezekiel 27:9 ) signifies "to exchange" (the English Revised Version and the American Revised Version margin, but the American Standard Revised Version "deal in"). (4) ‛āsāh (Exodus 38:24 ) means simply "to use" (Revised Version), and the same word in Judges 16:11 , with melā'khāh ("work") added, signifies that work had been done (Revised Version). (5) In 1 Corinthians 14:16 , "occupy," the King James Version rendering of anaplēroun , would still be as intelligible to most as the Revised Version (British and American) "fill." (6) "Occupy" in Hebrews 13:9 , in the sense of "being taken up with a thing," is the translation (both the King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American)) of peripatein , literally, "to walk." Finally (7) pragmateuein (Luke 19:13 ) is rendered in the King James Version "occupy" in its obsolete sense of "trade" (Revised Version).
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Occupy'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/o/occupy.html. 1915.