International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
The name has puzzled scholars. Some have proposed, by adding one letter, to change it into "father of his people." Others have observed that the Greek rendering in Kings is ,
Exploration has revealed the fact that the whole region near the eastern end of the Mediterranean was known as "the west." "Father of the west" is not an inapt name for Rehoboam to give to the boy who, he expects, will inherit the kingdom of Solomon and David. The effect of the secession of the ten tribes was to make that name a burlesque, and one does not wonder that it was superseded by Abijah, "My father is Yahweh."
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Abijam'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/a/abijam.html. 1915.