Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Custom, Accustom

A — 1: ἔθος

(Strong's #1485 — Noun Neuter — ethos — eth'-os )

denotes (a) "a custom, usage, prescribed by law," Acts 6:14; 15:1; 25:16; "a rite or ceremony," Luke 2:42; (b) a "custom, habit, manner," Luke 22:39; John 19:40; Hebrews 10:25 (AV, "manner"). See MANNER , WONT.

A — 2: συνήθεια

(Strong's #4914 — Noun Feminine — sunetheia — soon-ay'-thi-ah )

sun, "with," ethos (see No. 1), denotes (a) "an intercourse, intimacy," a meaning not found in the NT; (b) "a custom, customary usage," John 18:39; 1 Corinthians 11:16; "or force of habit," 1 Corinthians 8:7 , RV, "being used to" (some mss. here have suneidesis, "conscience;" whence AV, "with conscience of").

B — 1: ἐθίζω

(Strong's #1480 — Verb — ethizo — eth-id'-zo )

akin to A, No. 1, signifies "to accustom," or in the Passive Voice, "to be accustomed." In the participial form it is equivalent to a noun, "custom," Luke 2:27 .

B — 2: ἔθω

(Strong's #1486 — Verb — etho — eth'-o )

"to be accustomed," as in the case of No. 1, is used in the Passive participle as a noun, signifying "a custom," Luke 4:16; Acts 17:2 (AV, "manner;" RV, "custom") in Matthew 17:15; Mark 10:1 , "was wont." See MANNER , WONT.

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Custom, Accustom'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/c/custom-accustom.html. 1940.

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