Easton's Bible Dictionary
The fruit of the olive-tree. This tree yielded oil which was highly valued. The best oil was from olives that were plucked before being fully ripe, and then beaten or squeezed (Deuteronomy 24:20
; Isaiah 17:6
). It was called "beaten," or "fresh oil" (Exodus 27:20
). There were also oil-presses, in which the oil was trodden out by the feet (Micah 6:15
). (James 3:12
) calls the fruit "olive berries." The phrase "vineyards and olives" (Judges 15:5
, A.V.) should be simply "olive-yard," or "olive-garden," as in the Revised Version. (See OIL
These dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain.
Easton, Matthew George. Entry for 'Olive'. Easton's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ebd/o/olive.html. 1897.