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Alexander Jannaeus

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(Hasmonean king): King of Judea for 27 years (c. 103-76 BCE), husband of Salome Alexandra. He declared himself high priest, killing or exiling most the Pharisaic leaders, as they considered him halachically unfit for this office. During Sukkot, he publicly disparaged the Pharisaic traditions in the Temple courtyard, inciting the people to pelt him with their etrogim. This served as a pretext to wage a war against the Pharisees which cost approximately 50,000 Jewish lives.

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Entry for 'Alexander Jannaeus'. Chabad Knowledge Base. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ckb/a/alexander-jannaeus.html. 2012.

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