(1) Christ is taken upon the day of the Passover rather by the providence of his Father, than by the will of men.
(2) God by his wonderful providence causes him to be the minister of our salvation who was the author of our destruction.
(a) Those that had the charge of keeping the temple, who were not from among the priests and bishops, as is shown below in (Luke 22:52).
(b) Without tumult, doing it without the knowledge of the people who used to follow him: and therefore they indeed waited patiently until they knew he was alone in the garden.
(3) Christ teaches his disciples by an obvious miracle that although he is going to be crucified, yet nothing is hidden from him, and therefore that he is going willingly to death.
(c) By the order appointed by the law.
(d) The lamb which was the symbol of the passover: And this is said using the figure of speech metonymy, which is often used when talking about the sacraments.
(4) Christ, having ended the passover according to the order of the law, forewarns them that this will be his last banquet with them in terms of this earthly life.
(e) The evening and twilight, at which time this supper was to be kept.
(f) I am put to death.
(5) Christ establishes his new covenant and his communication with us by new symbols.
(g) Here is a double use of metonymy: for first, the vessel is taken for that which is contained in the vessel, as the cup is spoken of for the wine which is within the cup. Second, the wine is called the covenant or testament, whereas in reality it is but the sign of the testament, or rather of the blood of Christ by which the testament was made: neither is it a vain sign, although it is not the same as the thing that it represents.
(h) This word "the" shows the excellency of the testament, and corresponds to (Jeremiah 31:31) where the new testament is promised.
(6) Christ shows again that he goes willingly to die, although he is not ignorant of Judas' treason.
(i) That is, his practice; the Hebrews used to speak in this way, as in (2 Samuel 14:19): "Is not the hand of Joab with thee in all this?"
(7) Although the decree of God's providence necessarily comes to pass, yet it does not excuse the fault of those who bring it to pass.
(8) The pastors are not called to rule but to serve.
(k) Have great titles, for so it was the custom to honour princes with some great titles.
(9) Those who are partakers of the affliction of Christ will also be partakers of his kingdom.
(10) We must always think about the ambush that Satan lays for us.
(l) To toss you and scatter you, and also to cast you out.
(11) It is through the prayers of Christ that the elect never utterly fall away from the faith: and because of this they should encourage one another on.
(12) In setting before us the grievous example of Peter, Christ shows that faith differs much from a vain security.
(m) He says all this using an allegory, as if he said, "O my friends and fellow soldiers, you have lived until now in relative peace: but now there is at hand a most severe battle to be fought, and you must therefore lay all other things aside and think about dressing yourselves in armour." And what this armour is, is shown by his own example, when he prayed afterward in the garden and reproved Peter for striking with the sword.
(13) Christ has made death acceptable unto us by overcoming for our sake all the horrors of death, which had the curse of God accompanying them.
(14) Prayers are a sure help against the most perilous assaults of our enemies.
(n) This agony shows that Christ struggled hard and was in great distress: for Christ struggled hard not only with the fears of death as other men do (for in this regard many martyrs might seem more constant then Christ), but also with the fearful judgment of his angry Father, which is the most fearful thing in the world: and this was because he took the burden of all our sins upon himself.
(o) These do not only show that Christ was true man, but also other things which the godly have to consider of, in which the secret of the redemption of all mankind is contained in the Son of God when he debased himself to the state of a servant: such things as these no man can sufficiently declare.
(15) Men are utterly sluggish, even in their greatest dangers.
(16) Christ is willingly betrayed and taken so that by his obedience he might deliver us who were guilty of betraying God's glory.
(17) That zeal which carries us out of the bounds of our God-given position does not please Christ.
(18) Even the very fear of those who took Christ partly proves their evil conscience, and partly also that all these things were done by God's providence.
(p) The power that was given to darkness to oppress the light for a time.
(19) We have to behold in Peter an example both of the fragility of man's nature, and the singular goodness of God towards his elect.
(20) Christ bore the shame that was due for our sins.
(21) Christ is wrongly condemned of blasphemy before the high priest's judgment seat in order that we might be acquitted before God from the blasphemy which we deserved.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Luke 22". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://pro.studylight.org/
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34