(1) Christ especially guides by his grace those who seem to be furthest from it.
(a) The overseer and head of the publicans who were there together: for the publicans were divided into companies, as we may gather from many places in the orations of Cicero.
(2) The world forsakes the grace of God, and yet is unwilling that it should be bestowed upon others.
(3) The example of true repentance is known by the effect.
(b) By falsely accusing any man: and this agrees most fitly to the master of the tax gatherers: for commonly they have this practice among them when they rob and spoil the commonwealth, that they claim to be concerned for nothing else except the profit of the commonwealth, and under this pretence they are thieves, and to such an extent that if men reprove them and try to redress their robbery and thievery, they cry out that the commonwealth is hindered.
(c) Beloved of God, one that walks in the steps of Abraham's faith: and we gather that salvation came to that house because they received the blessing as Abraham had. (Ed.)
(4) We must patiently wait for the judgment of God which will be revealed in his time.
(5) There are three sorts of men in the Church: the one sort fall from Christ whom they do not see; the other, according to their God given position, bestow the gifts which they have received from God to his glory, with great pains and diligence; the third live idly and do no good. As for the first, the Lord when he comes will justly punish them in his time; the second he will bless according to the pains which they have taken; and as for the slothful and idle persons, he will punish them like the first.
(d) This was a piece of money which the Greeks used, and was worth about one hundred pence, which is about ten crowns.
(6) Against those who idly spend their life in deliberating and in contemplation.
(e) To the bankers and money changers. Usury or loaning money at interest is strictly forbidden by the Bible, (Exodus 22:25-27) ; (Deuteronomy 23:19-20). Even a rate as low as one per cent interest was disallowed, (Nehemiah 5:11). This servant had already told two lies. First he said the master was an austere or harsh man. This is a lie for the Lord is merciful and gracious. Next he called his master a thief because he reaped where he did not sow. Finally the master said to him that why did you not add insult to injury and loan the money out at interest so you could call your master a "usurer" too! If the servant had done this, his master would have been responsible for his servant's actions and guilty of usury. (Ed.)
(f) The disciples were staggered and stopped by what Christ said, but Christ goes on boldly even though death was before his eyes.
(7) Christ shows in his own person that his kingdom is not of this world.
(8) When those linger who ought to preach and set forth the kingdom of God the most, he will extraordinarily raise up others in spite of them.
(9) Christ is not delighted with destruction, no not even of the wicked.
(g) Christ stops his speech, which partly shows how moved he was with compassion over the destruction of the city that was surely to come: and partly to reprove them for their treachery and stubbornness against him, such as has not been heard of before.
(h) You at the very least, O Jerusalem, to whom the message was properly sent.
(i) If after slaying so many prophets, and so often refusing me, the Lord of the prophets, if only now, especially in my last coming to you, you had any concern for yourself.
(k) The good and prosperous time is called the day of this city.
(l) That is, those things in which your happiness stands.
(m) That is, this very instant in which God visited you.
(10) Christ shows after his entry into Jerusalem by a visible sign that it is his duty, given and admonished unto him by his Father, to purge the temple.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Luke 19". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://pro.studylight.org/
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34