(a) Job here answers Eliphaz and Bildad's oration, touching the justice of God, and his innocency, confessing God to be infinite in justice and man to be nothing in respect.
(b) Of a thousand things, which God could lay to his charge, man cannot answer him one.
(c) He declares the infirmity of man, by the mighty and incomprehensible power that is in God, showing what he could do if he would set forth his power.
(d) These are the names of certain stars by which he means that all stars both known and unknown are at his appointment.
(e) I am not able to comprehend his works, which are common and daily before my eyes, much less in those things, which are hid and secret.
(f) He shows that when God executes his power, he does it justly, as no one can control him.
(g) God will not be appeased for anything that man can say for himself for his justification.
(h) That is, all the reasons that men can lay to approve their cause.
(i) How should I be able to answer him by eloquence? By which he notes his friends, who although they were eloquent in talk, did not believe in their hearts, that which they spoke.
(k) Meaning, in his own opinion, signifying that man will sometimes flatter himself to be righteous which before God is an abomination.
(l) While I am in pain I cannot break forth into many inconveniences although I still know that God is just.
(m) I am not able to feel my sins so great, as I feel the weight of his plagues; and this he speaks to condemn his dullness and to justify God.
(n) After he has accused his own weakness, he continues to justify God and his power.
(o) If I stood in my own defence yet God would have just cause to condemn me if he examined my heart and conscience.
(p) If God punishes according to his justice, he will destroy them who are counted perfect as well as them that are wicked.
(q) That is, the wicked.
(r) This is spoken according to our apprehension, as though he would say, If God destroyed only the wicked, (Job 5:3), why would he allow the innocent to be so long tormented by them?
(s) That they cannot see to do justice.
(t) That can show the contrary?
(u) I think not to fall into these afflictions, but my sorrows bring me to these manifold infirmities, and my conscience condemns me.
(x) Why does God not destroy me at once? thus he speaks according to the infirmity of the flesh.
(y) Though I seem pure in my own eyes, yet all is but corruption before God.
(z) Whatever I would use to cover my filthiness with, it would disclose me even more.
(a) Who might make an accord between God and me, speaking of impatience, and yet confessing God to be just in punishing him.
(b) Signifying that God's judgments keep him in awe.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Job 9". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://pro.studylight.org/
the First Week of Advent