(a) He wills Job to consider the example of all who have lived or live godly, whether any of them are like him in raging against God as he does.
(b) Murmuring against God in afflictions increases the pain, and uttered man's folly.
(c) That is, the sinner that does not have the fear of God.
(d) I was not moved by his prosperity but knew that God had cursed him and his.
(e) Though God sometimes allows the father's to pass in this world, yet his judgments will light on their wicked children.
(f) By public judgment they will be condemned and no one will pity them.
(g) Though there are only two or three ears left in the hedges, yet these will be taken from him.
(h) That is, the earth is not the cause of barrenness and man's misery, but his own sin.
(i) Which declares that sin is always in our corrupt nature: for before sin it was not subject to pain and affliction.
(k) If I suffered as you do, I would seek God.
(l) He counsels Job to humble himself to God to whom all creatures are subject and whose works declare that man is inexcusable unless he glorifies God in all his works.
(m) He shows by particular examples what the works of God are.
(n) In things plain and evident they show themselves fools instead of wise men.
(o) This declares that God punishes the worldly wise as he threatened in (Deuteronomy 28:29).
(p) That is, he who humbles himself before God.
(q) He compares the slander of the wicked to sharp swords.
(r) If the wicked are compelled by God's works to shut their mouths, how much more they who profess God.
(s) He will send trouble after trouble that his children may not for one time, but continually trust in him: but they sill have a comfortable issue, even in the greatest and the last, which is here called the seventh.
(t) While the wicked lament in their troubles, you will have occasion to rejoice.
(u) When we are in God's favour, all creatures will serve us.
(x) God will so bless you that you will have opportunity to rejoice in all things, and not be offended.
(y) Though the children of God have not always carried out this promise, yet God recompenses it otherwise to their advantage.
(z) We have learned these points by experience, that God does not punish the innocent, that man cannot compare in justice with him, that the hypocrites will not prosper for long, and that the affliction which man sustains comes for his own sin.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Job 5". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://pro.studylight.org/
the First Week of Advent